Hazardous or dangerous goods are those substances and materials that have a physical or chemical property which presents an immediate hazard to people, property or environment. Various special rules and regulations apply to the transport of hazardous good which mostly apply universally across all modes of transport.
In the European Union, The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations came into force in 2009. However, following Brexit, it remains to be seen whether these regulations continue to apply within the UK.
However, there are numerous international instruments that will most likely apply even in a case of the UK leaving the European Union. These instruments include but are not limited to:
- the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR 2015);
- the Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par voie de navigation intérieure);
- the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air der International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO);
- theDangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) der International Air Transport Association (IATA).
On January 1st, 2017 amendments to the ADR and ADN took effect.
The plenitude of international agreements and instruments applicable to the carriage of dangerous goods is proof of a companies necessity to be well advised in legal matters concerning that area of business. Errors in handling dangerous goods may cause substantial financial liability on part of the handler.
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